Signs beyond borders: Meaning-making across sign and spoken languages
- Start date: 2017
- End date: 2018
- Funder: Internally funded
- Primary investigator: Dr Elisabetta Adami
- Co-investigators: Dr Elisabetta Adami (School of Languages, Cultures and Societies), Professor Ruth Swanwick (School of Education), Dr James Simpson (School of Education), Samantha Goodchild – research assistant
- How do deaf and hearing interactants communicate when they share limited (sign and / or spoken) linguistic resources?
- What semiotic resources do they draw upon and what communicative strategies do they use?
- What can we learn from their practices about not only deaf / hearing interaction, but also all human communication and how we use all available resources to make meaning?
- How can the understanding of these practices be used to empower (1) deaf / hearing participants in their daily life encounters, and (2) people who live, work and communicate in multilingual/multicultural contexts?
- The series will be the first in the UK to bring together deaf and hearing researchers of sign-language, multimodality, trans-languaging, and interpreting to develop new theoretical, trans-disciplinary approaches for the understanding of sign/spoken language communication.
We propose to shift the observational perspective onto sign / spoken language interaction. Instead of the traditional linguistic take, which looks at levels of proficiency in given ‘codes’ (either sign-language or speech), we will be looking at how deaf and hearing interactants use semiotic resources and communicative strategies to co-construct situated understanding beyond cultural and linguistic barriers, to fulfil their communicative needs in specific situations of daily life, in shops / streets, in families, at school, and in interpreter-mediated events.
The series will build a trans-disciplinary approach by integrating multimodality, sign and spoken language interaction, and studies on trans-languaging / multilingualism. To focus these perspectives and develop this approach in action, each seminar will involve close scrutiny of video-recorded data of sign/spoken language interactions among deaf/hearing children and adults in multilingual and cross-modal contexts.
This work will advance knowledge about sign/spoken language interaction in the first instance and, more broadly, about the multimodal nature of human communication. We envisage potential applications for education, interpreting and communication practices in deaf / hearing communities and multilingual/multicultural contexts more generally.