- Start date: 1 January 2011
- End date: 1 January 2017
- Funder: European Union; European Commission
- Primary investigator: Dr Kevin Macnish
Partners and collaborators
University of Oxford, Austrian Institulogy, National Office of Study and Research in Aerodynamics (France) and Commissariat for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies (France); BAE Systems, West Midlands Police Authority, Warwickshire Police, Technical University Berlin and Research Digital Media Systems; University of Cambridge , Q-Flo and Technion.
Lead by Dr Kevin Macnish, the IDEA Centre has been involved in providing consultancy for security projects since 2011. This has included European Union-sponsored initiatives (such as FP7 and Horizon 2020), private projects and giving evidence to a number of parliamentary committees. The projects span ethics of surveillance, big data, UK intelligence and computer ethics.
IDEA CETL has worked on a number of FP-7/Horizon 2020 projects with a security focus, including SUBITO, MOSAIC and CNTF. These have ranged from providing ethical advice and oversight through projects to carrying out ethical audits on projects for the European Commission. Kevin Macnish is also an expert ethics reviewer with the European Commission where he has worked on Horizon 2020 Security projects.
SUBITO (2011): Kevin Macnish worked on the ethical implications of automating computer vision for CCTV surveillance systems as part of the SUBITO (Surveillance of Unattended Baggage and Tracking of its Owner) project. Aside from the project report, this research also led to an academic article in the peer-reviewed journal Ethics and presentations given at the International Association of Computing and Philosophy conference at the University of Aarhus, Denmark. Project partners included: University of Oxford, Austrian Institute of Technology, National Office of Study and Research in Aerodynamics (France) and Commissariat for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies (France).
MOSAIC (2014): The IDEA Centre carried out research into ethical aspects of the MOSAIC (Multi-Modal Situation Assessment and Analytics Platform) project. This involved developing a platform for real time assessment of emerging security scenarios across a number of platforms, including CCTV, databases and free text files. One of the prime concerns with this project was the potential for dual use of the technology, which led to overview research of existing literature in this field, informing teaching of dual use concerns to undergraduate and postgraduate students. Project partners in this project included BAE Systems, West Midlands Police Authority, Warwickshire Police, Technical University Berlin and Research Digital Media Systems.
CNTF (2015): Elizabeth Ellis and Kevin Macnish worked on providing ethical analysis on the dual use potential of the process developed for the CNTF (Carbon Nano-Tube Fibres) project, looking at upscaling the production of carbon nano-tube fibres to an industrial scale. Thei analysis capitalised on the research carried out for the MOSAIC project. Project partners in this project included: University of Cambridge , Q-Flo and Technion.
Kevin Macnish has given oral and written evidence to the House of Commons Intelligence and Security Committee regarding the activities of UK intelligence agencies in the wake of the Edwards Snowden revelations. He has also given oral and written evidence to the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee regarding big data and social media, and written evidence to the House of Lords EU sub-committee regarding the domestic use of unmanned aerial systems which was referenced in committee proceedings.
Publications and outputs
Academic and Professional Conferences
- Panel member on the ethics of robots in warfare at the Royal Armouries in Leeds in 2012
- Speaker at the Security and Counter-Terror Expo
- Speaker and panel member on the ethics of drones at DSEi (Defence Security Equipment International)
- Speaker at the Transport Security Expo
- Speaker at Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiry annual conference at the Autonoma University in Lisbon, on his research into international and domestic uses of drones
- Presenter at the Infrasec Infrastructure Security conference in Bahrain, 2016
- Speaker at the Security Institute annual conference
- Macnish, K. (2017) The Ethics of Surveillance: an introduction. Taylor & Francis Group, 2017
- Macnish, K. (2015) An Eye for an Eye: Proportionality and Surveillance. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 18(5)
- Macnish, K. (2014) “The Ethics of Social Networks and Mining,” in R. Alhajj & J. Rokne, eds. Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining, Springer
- Macnish, K. (2014) Just Surveillance? Towards a Normative Theory of Surveillance. Surveillance and Society. 12(1), 142–153
- Macnish, K (2012) Unblinking Eyes: The Ethics of Automating Surveillance. Ethics and Information Technology 14(2), 151-167
- Macnish, K (2011) “Surveillance Ethics,” in J Fieser & B. Dowden, eds. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, http://www.iep.utm.edu/surv-eth/