Alexander Nicholas Shaw
Summary: My PhD looks at British intelligence in Singapore during the period of the early Cold War and Malayan Emergency. This is funded by the White Rose College for the Arts and Humanities and AHRC.
Current research projects
My WRoCAH-funded PhD project is entitled 'British Intelligence Activities in Singapore, 1946-1959: Local Security, Regional Co-ordination and the Cold War in the Far East'. This uses material including records created by various intelligence services, colonial 'Migrated Archives', personal papers and oral history testimony. It moves beyond the history of individual intelligence agencies to interrogate the broader intelligence community in Singapore, considering the impact of intelligence and hierarchies between Whitehall, Singapore and Hong Kong.
Prior to starting my PhD I graduated with First Class Honours in International History and Politics at the University of Leeds in 2014 and earned an MA with Distinction in Modern History at the same institution in 2015.
My PhD is supervised by Professor Simon Ball, Dr Adam Cathcart and previously Dr Martin Thornton.
I am also researching the public and private life of Malcolm MacDonald: an important and unconventional British diplomat and architect of decolonisation. MacDonald was also an important art collector in a range of genres. As well as underpinning an exhibition at the Durham Oriental Museum this research will form the basis of several new publications and a lecture series in Singapore. Currently I am editing MacDonald's memoir The Pleasures and Pains of Collecting for publication in December 2018.
- The career and recreations of Malcolm John MacDonald (1901-1981)
- The links between inter-state diplomacy and private collecting
- Western art collectors in Asia (particularly Chinese ceramics)
- Cold War intelligence and diplomacy
- Material culture and diplomacy
- New Diplomatic History approaches
Impact and public engagement
Beauty and Diplomacy
I am the designer and curator of the exhibition Beauty and Diplomacy: The Malcolm MacDonald Collections in partnership with the Durham Oriental Museum. Our exhibition explored the eccentric adventures of Malcolm MacDonald, looking at his diplomatic achievements, personal friendships and collecting passions. It was open to the public from 20 October-21 December 2017. Details at: https://www.dur.ac.uk/oriental.museum/whatson/details/?id=36173. On 18 October 2017 I gave a public talk to the Friends of the Oriental Museum about 'Beauty, Diplomacy and Malcolm MacDonald'.
This project is linked with ongoing research and activities. In February 2019 I will be giving a series of lectures about MacDonald in Singapore in partnership with the Southeast Asian Ceramic Society, British High Commission, NUS Museum, Asian Civilisations Museum and the Tanglin Club.
Goodbye to All That?
I am also a co-curator on the Legacies of the First World War War exhibition project at the Treasures of the Brotherton Gallery (Leeds), where I work with Eilis Boyle, Alison Fell, Rhiannon Lawrence-Francis and Richard High. Our exhibition, 'Goodbye to All That? Legacies of the First World War', looks at the legacies of the First World War on people, families and society across a number of themes including politics, popular culture, women's lives and childhood. 'Goodbye to All That?' is free and open to the public until 31 January 2019.
Malaysia Museology Workshop
In September 2018 I was part of a team led by Durham University and the Oriental Museum delivering a 3-day museology workshop at the National Museum in Kuala Lumpur. Our partners include the Malaysian Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture, Department of Museums, University of Malaya, Museums Association of Malaysia and the Committee of Museums and Galleries for Malaysian Public Universities. This allowed me to develop new links with Malcolm MacDonald's collections in Malaysia.
Malcolm J. MacDonald, The Pleasures and Pains of Collecting, edited by Alexander Nicholas Shaw (Durham: Friends of the Oriental Museum, December 2018)
'Propaganda Intelligence and Covert Action: The Regional Information Office and British Intelligence in South-East Asia, 1949-1961', Journal of Intelligence History (forthcoming, accepted 27 February 2018)
'A Diplomat and Collector: Malcolm MacDonald's Pursuit of Beauty during the Cold War and End of Empire', Journal of the History of Collections (2017) https://academic.oup.com/jhc/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/jhc/fhx045/4628044
'MI5 and the Cold War in South-East Asia: Examining the Performance of Security Intelligence Far East (SIFE), 1946-1963', Intelligence and National Security, 32(6) (2017), 797-816 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02684527.2017.1289695
'Sir Reader Bullard, Frank Roberts and the Azerbaijan Crisis of 1945-46: Bevin's Officials, Perceptions and the Adoption of a Cold War Mentality in British Soviet Policy', Cold War History, 17(3) (2017), 279-297 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14682745.2016.1264389
'British Counterinsurgency in Brunei and Sarawak, 1962-63: Developing Best Practices in the Shadow of Malaya', Small Wars & Insurgencies, 27(4) (2016), 702-725 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09592318.2016.1190052
"Strong, United and Independent': The British Foreign Office, Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and the Internationalisation of Iranian Politics at the Dawn of the Cold War, 1945-46', Middle Eastern Studies, 52(3) (2016), 505-524 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00263206.2015.1124417
(with Adam Cathcart) ‘No Space for Democracy? Political Dissidence in Colonial and Contemporary Hong Kong’, China Policy Institute: Analysis (13 July 2017) https://cpianalysis.org/2017/07/13/no-space-for-democracy-political-dissidence-in-colonial-and-contemporary-hong-kong/
Republished by the Hong Kong Free Press (23 July 2017) https://www.hongkongfp.com/2017/07/23/no-space-democracy-political-dissidence-colonial-v-contemporary-hong-kong/
"We Have Just About Had It': Jack Slessor, the Foreign Office, and the Anglo-American Strategic Debate over Escalation of the Korean War, 1950-51', Yonsei Journal of International Studies, 6(2) (2014), 294-317 http://theyonseijournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/e1.pdf
Conference papers, public talks and research seminars
'Malcolm MacDonald's Ceramic Diplomacy: An Informal Envoy to Communist China during the Cold War', New Diplomatic History Network 3rd Conference (Middelburg, Netherlands, October 2018)
'Malcolm MacDonald and the Art of Diplomacy: Collecting, Material Culture and International Relations in Cold War Southeast Asia', Visual Intersections III (Durham, UK, July 2018)
'Understanding Revolution: British Intelligence, Open Sources and the Struggle to Interpret Mao's China during the Korean War Period, 1950-54', Austrian Centre for Intelligence, Propaganda and Security Studies 1st Student Conference (Graz, Austria, May 2017)
'South-East Asian Security and the British Construction of the Cold War in 1947-48: Regional Intelligence, Kremlinist Conspiracy and Colonial Containment', British International History Group 28th Annual Conference (Edinburgh, UK, September 2016)
'Perfidious Albion? Britain, the United States and Triangular Diplomacy with the Qavam Government in Iran, 1946-47', Eleventh Biennial International Society for Iranian Studies Conference (Vienna, Austria, August 2016)
"Strong, United and Independent': Great Britain, the Communist Challenge and the Internationalisation of Iranian Politics, 1945-46', Second Biennial Symposia Iranica (Cambridge, UK, April 2015)
Research seminar and workshop papers
'Hong Kong on the Edge of a Volcano: British Intelligence, Colonial Security and the Showdown with Communism, 1948-50', Oxford International History of East Asia Research Seminar (Oxford China Centre, UK, November 2016)
'An Instrument of Colonial Domination? The Personnel and Operational Culture of the Singapore Special Branch during the Emergency Years, 1948-59', Workshop on Empire and Policing (Liverpool, UK, October 2016)
(with Eilis Boyle) 'Goodbye to All What? Curating the Legacies of the First World War', Leeds Central Library (Leeds, UK, 13 September 2018)
'Malcolm MacDonald and the Beauty of Diplomacy: From Lossiemouth to Laos via Downing Street', Kirkstall Abbey 1152 Club (Leeds, UK, 11 May 2018)
'Beauty, Diplomacy and Malcolm MacDonald', Friends of the Oriental Museum (Durham, UK, 18 October 2017)
I have previously taught at Leeds on the undergraduate module HIST 1819 International History 1919-89: Conflict, Cooperation and Change.
Prizes and funding
WRoCAH AHRC Doctoral Scholarship (2015-18)
University of Leeds School of History MA Scholarship (2014-15)
Prizes and awards
University of Leeds School of History Marion Sharples Prize (2014-15) for the best dissertation by a taught MA student in the School of History
University of Leeds School of History Outstanding Achievement Award (2013-14) for the best overall performance by a final year student parented by the School of History
University of Leeds School of History Special Subject Prize (2013-14) for the best performance in a History Special Subject by a student parented by the School of History
University of Leeds School of History John Taylor Prize (2012-13) for the best overall performance by a second year student parented by the School of History
University of Leeds School of History John Cox Prize (2011-12) for the best overall performance by a first year student parented by the School of History