I obtained my BA degree with First Class Honours in History from the University of Central Lancashire in 2015. My BA thesis used recently declassified MI5 files and other intelligence documents to explore the British investigations into Adolf Hitler’s death. This thesis formed the basis of my latest book, Hitler's Death: The Case Against Conspiracy (Oxford: Osprey, 2019). In 2016 I earned an MA in Modern History with Distinction from the University of Leeds. My MA thesis used nineteenth century newspapers, periodicals and other media to analyse how Victorian perceptions of Napoleon I affected perceptions of Napoleon III and vice versa. It won the Marion Sharples prize. I am currently researching for a PhD in History at the University of Leeds. My thesis focuses on the activities of the British and American Intelligence Divisions in occupied Germany. My supervisors are Professor Simon Ball and Dr. Elisabeth Leake. Alongside my PhD studies I have written for The New Statesman, The American, The Journal of Intelligence History and Dan Snow's History Hit.
Scholarships and Awards:
Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) White Rose College of the Arts and Humanities (WRoCAH) Doctoral Studentship 2016-2020.
Marion Sharples Prize for Best MA Dissertation 2016 (University of Leeds – School of History).
MA Postgraduate Scholarship 2015-2016 (University of Leeds – School of History) .
Sydney Lee Prize for History 2015 (University of Central Lancashire – School of Education and Social Science).
Geoff Timmins Award 2013 (University of Central Lancashire – School of Education and Social Science).
John Griffiths History Award 2012 (Deyes High School Sixth Form College).
Hitler’s Foreign Policy: A Short Study Guide (Forthcoming).
‘The Intelligence Division in Occupied Germany: The Untold Story of Britain's Largest Secret Intelligence Organisation’, Journal of Intelligence History, Vol. 18, No. 1 (2019), pp. 86-107.
'Seventy-four years on, Hitler’s suicide is still shrouded in politics and propaganda', New Statesman (30/04/2019).
'The FBI, Hitler’s Death and Rumours of Escape to Argentina', The American (16/04/2019).
'British Intelligence and Rumours of Adolf Hitler’s Post-War Survival', History Hit (25/03/2019).
‘No, Hitler Did Not Survive WW2! – Debunking Four Outlandish Conspiracy Theories About the Fate of the Führer’, Military History Now (11/06/2019).
'What did we do for the Romans? A discussion of life around Roman Merseyside', Museum of Liverpool (16/11/2018).
'Herford’s Hidden History: British Intelligence Division Headquarters 1946-1951', Verein für Herforder Geschichte, Amtshausstr. 2, 32051 Herford, Germany (03/07/2018).
'Hitler's Death: Fact and Conspiracy', University of Central Lancashire (11/04/2018).
'Control not Morality? Explaining The Selective Employment Of Nazi War Criminals By British and American Intelligence Agencies in Occupied Germany', White Rose IHIR Seminar Series, University of Leeds (15/05/2019).
‘Imposing Liberalism By Authority’: The Political Role of the British Intelligence Division in Occupied Germany', British International Studies Association 43rd Annual Conference, Bath (15/06/2018).
Chairman for Anna Saunders, Helga Müllneritsch and Professor Alaric Sealre at 'New Directions in Modern German History', University of Central Lancashire (21/09/2016).
'Britannia Inferior? A Glimpse of Life Around Roman Merseyside', Museum of Liverpool (November 2018).
International History, 1919-1989: Conflict, Co-operation and Change, University of Leeds (2020).
Consensus and Contention: Investigations in International History, University of Leeds (2020).
Skills and Concepts in International History: Hitler’s Foreign Policy, University of Leeds (2018-2019).
Germany under the Nazis:1933-1945, University of Central Lancashire (2017).
State & Society in Nineteenth Century Europe, University of Central Lancashire (2017).
Hitler and Nazi Germany:
Mail on Sunday (Guy Walters) review of Hitler's Death (10/03/2019).
The Times of Israel (Robert Philpot) interview about Hitler's Death (02/05/2019).
Ami Magazine (Barbara Finkelstein) interview about Hitler’s Death (07/08/2019).
SiriusXM Canada (Andrew Krystal) radio interview about Hitler’s Death (28/07/2019).
NewsTalk, Talking History (Patrick Geoghegan) ‘Best of July Books’ radio interview about Hitler’s Death (22/07/2019).
WW2 Podcast (Angus Wallace) about Hitler's Death (15/03/2019).
Strategy Page (A. A. Nofi) review of Hitler’s Death (14/07/2019).
Zvezda (Evgeny Ksenzenko) Russian television interview about Hitler's Death (28/04/2019).
The Times of Israel (Tzemach Yehudah Richter) mention in Blog (11/08/2019).
Midwest Book Review, Vol. 19, No. 5, review of Hitler’s Death (May 2019).
Westfalen-Blatt (Jan Gruhn) report on 'Herford's Hidden History' public lecture (07/07/2018).
Herforder Kreisblatt overview of my research and advert for Herford lecture (16/06/2018).
Neuen Westfälischen Herford, 'The Spies of Her Majesty' (21/06/2018).
'Geheimdienstzentrale Herford', Der Remensnider (2018), Eckhard Möller discusses my research on pp. 37-38.
'Sharing Secrets', a brief blog about my WRoCAH Knowledge Exchange Project (KEP) visit to Herford and Bad Salzuflen (16/07/2018).
'Building Britannia', a shorter blog for the Museum of Liverpool (31/10/2018).
The Wigan Archaeological Society Newsletter (December 2018) mention 'What did we do for the Romans?' public lecture.
Historic Liverpool (2018) mention of 'Britannia Inferior?' museum display.
Mention in 'The History of Liverpool' children's history website (2019).
My historical interests are wide ranging (from Ancient Rome to the Second World War) as I, in the spirit of Hugh Trevor-Roper’s philosophy, seek to investigate numerous topics and to answer important historical questions and problems which seem worth solving as they arise.
My PhD thesis analyses Anglo-American intelligence relations in occupied Germany, and is funded by the White Rose College of the Arts and Humanities (WRoCAH) and the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
Despite emphasis by historians such as Stephen Dorril on occupied Germany being a centre for Anglo-American intelligence rivalry and, according to Ian Saying and Douglas Botting, the Cold War ‘front line’ between 1945-1950, the historiography lacks a comprehensive, primary source based account of Anglo-American intelligence rivalry in occupied Germany, leaving many questions unanswered.
Although much has been written about intelligence cooperation, most works have focused on scientific intelligence, neglecting the equally if not more important areas of political and security intelligence.
My research seeks to fill these gaps in historical knowledge through analysis of intelligence files located in the British National Archives (TNA) and the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA II) in America. It also seeks to address the ‘hagiography’ in the historiography surrounding Anglo-American intelligence relations described by Richard J. Aldrich. A key focus of my research is the British Intelligence Division (ID). This organisation was larger than MI5 and MI6 but very little is known about its functions and activities.
- Master of Arts in Modern History
- Bachelor of Arts with First-Class Honours in History